DataModel Animation

Simply shoving elements onto the page can create somewhat of a jerky/stuttery experience for the end user. It is often necessary to smoothly transition/animate elements into place.

To use the native animation capabilities built into Footwork you need to first ensure that you are including the animation CSS. For example, if you installed Footwork using bower then you might include it like so:

  <link href="/bower_components/footwork/dist/footwork.css" rel="stylesheet">

After that, you need to add the animation class to any element you wish to transition into place:

<dataModel module="MyDataModel">
  <div class="fadeIn">This will fade in.</div>
  <div class="flipInX">This will flip in.</div>

You can also animate elements nested within a dataModel that was manually bound:

<div class="my-dataModel">
  <div class="fadeIn">This will fade in.</div>
  <div class="flipInX">This will flip in.</div>
// after applyBindings is called, the contents are animated into place
fw.applyBindings(new MyDataModel(), document.querySelector('.my-dataModel'));

Thats it. Anytime an instance of the dataModel is rendered to the screen and its contents have resolved it will have the animations activated (if any are specified).


  • Your dataModel will not be animated into place until all nested dependencies have resolved. This means it will wait for nested components/dataModels/dataModels/routers to be resolved and bound to the DOM prior to the parent instance being resolved and animated into place.

  • The element you animate must be a direct child of the element the parent dataModel is bound against.

  • To disable the animations entirely, set fw.animationClass.animateIn to false

Available Animations

Animations available in the included footwork.css:

  • fadeIn
  • fadeInDown
  • fadeInDownBig
  • fadeInLeft
  • fadeInLeftBig
  • fadeInRight
  • fadeInRightBig
  • fadeInUp
  • fadeInUpBig
  • flipInX
  • flipInY
  • lightSpeedIn
  • rotateIn
  • rotateInDownLeft
  • rotateInDownRight
  • rotateInUpLeft
  • rotateInUpRight
  • rollIn
  • zoomIn
  • zoomInDown
  • zoomInLeft
  • zoomInRight
  • zoomInUp
  • slideInDown
  • slideInLeft
  • slideInRight
  • slideInUp


For detailed information on how the animation works, or if you want to make a custom animation or build of animations - see the footwork-animate project.

Sequencing Animations

In some situations you might be rendering many of the same dataModel in rapid succession (or all at once). An example of this would be populating a collection or observableArray which then triggers the instantiation of several dataModels.

Consider the following HTML:

<button data-bind="click: showList">Show List</button>

<div class="people" data-bind="foreach: peopleList">
  <dataModel module="Person" params="name: $data">
    <div class="flipInX" data-bind="text: name"></div>

In the HTML above you see a Show List button at the top, and a div below that with a foreach bound peopleList. Within that foreach is a declarative dataModel which will be rendered for each entry (being passed the context $data as the name parameter).

Here is the wrapper view model which contains the peopleList and showList handler that populates it:

function WrapperDataModel () {
  this.peopleList = fw.observableArray();

  // click handler to populate the peopleList
  this.showList = function () {
      'Person 1', 'Person 2', 'Person 3', 'Person 4', 'Person 5',
      'Person 6', 'Person 7', 'Person 8', 'Person 9', 'Person 10'

An instance of the above WrapperDataModel will be bound against our HTML and provide the logic needed to populate the peopleList list when a button is clicked.

Here is the person dataModel that will be rendered foreach: peopleList:

function Person (params) {
  var self = fw.dataModel.boot(this, {
    namespace: 'person',
    sequence: 70
  }); =;

fw.dataModel.register('Person', Person);

A couple things to take notice of above:

  • A namespace must be specified for sequencing to work

    This is because the sequencing is based off of the fact that several instances (all with the same namespace) are being created in rapid succession (within the sequence limit).

  • The sequence configuration option provided to the dataModel

    This is the option that tells Footwork the minimum amount of time between instances you want when animating each into place.

Once we start the application by creating an instance of the WrapperDataModel and binding it to our HTML...

fw.applyBindings(new WrapperDataModel());

...everything is instantiated and ready to go. Initially the peopleList is empty... so the user would prospectively then click the Show List button.

The action of the user clicking the Show List button triggers the showList handler which populates the peopleList. When that observableArray is populated it then causes a person component to be rendered for each (via the foreach binding in the HTML). Since the dataModel paired with that component has the sequence configuration option specified, that value is used to space apart the animations.

When each instance is rendered (and subsequently its parent is tagged to animateIn, ie: it was resolved after the minimum duration provided via sequence) the class names on the child element then triggers the animation as defined. Because of the delay specified by sequence the net effect is that each one is animated in after the other in a smooth, pleasing fashion.

Sequencing Example

A usable example of the above is shown here: